CAPITALIST PUNISHMENT
PRISON PRIVATIZATION & HUMAN RIGHTS
edited by Andrew Coyle,
Allison Campbell, Rodney Neufeld
Preface by Sir Nigel Rodley,
former UN Special Reporter on Torture

ISBN: 0-932863-35-3  235 pp. $19.95 2003






see below for
REVIEW | SYNOPSIS | CONTENTS | CONTRIBUTORS |

    REVIEWS

    “Only a few years ago, prison privatization was being touted as a cure-all for the ills
    of penal systems around the world. Today, mired in disappointing results and
    awash in scandals, the experiment in privatization is in trouble. This compelling and
    original book shows, in illuminating detail, why the experiment has not lived up to its
    promises.”
    –ELLIOT CURRIE, author of Crime and Punishment in America

    SYNOPSIS

    Prison privatization is a rapidly increasing phenomenon in many Western countries
    as governments seek to manage burgeoning prison populations within the
    constraints of a neo-liberal political agenda. But how is public well being served
    when prisons are run for profit?

    Bringing together a group of the most accomplished writers and activists on human
    rights and prison privatization, Capitalist Punishment: Prison Privatization & Human
    Rights discusses
    privatization within its historical and ideological context, and in relation to
    international standard minimum rules developed by the United Nations in relation to
    prison management.

    Capitalist Punishment examines the adverse effects of private prisons on inmates
    related to physical and sexual abuse, health care, education, training, and
    rehabilitation, as corporations seek to maximize profits. It describes the impact on
    prison staff, from whose salaries corporate profits are wrung, of further cost cutting
    in the design of facilities and allocation of personnel. Special attention is paid to the
    effect on vulnerable groups such as women, children, and disproportionately
    incarcerated minority and indigenous communities.

    Even as serious questions emerge in the West as to whether privatized prisons offer
    a more effective and efficient prison system for either inmates or the public at large,
    the trend to privatization is spreading. Revealing important links between neo-liberal
    policies locally and their global effects, Capitalist Punishment offers a disturbing
    glimpse into the transnational spread of privatized incarceration, as developing
    nations bound by IMF restrictions are forced into the hands of transnational
    corporations to the detriment of local incarceration alternatives.

    Over 100,000 people in the U.S. are incarcerated in prisons owned and operated by
    private corporations--a booming business. But how are the human rights of
    prisoners and prison employees affected when prisons are run for profit? This
    anthology of leading experts examines the historical, political and economic context
    of private prisons, and how privatization is connected to the war on drugs, the
    criminalization of poverty and 'tough on crime' politics. It offers a glimpse into the
    transnational spread of privatized incarceration, creating important links between
    neo-liberal policies locally and their effects globally.


    CONTRIBUTORS

    Andrew Coyle, Sr. Editor
    Dr. Coyle is the Director of the International Centre for Prison Studies in the University of London, UK.
    He has had 25 years' experience at a senior level in the prison services of the United Kingdom. He has
    a PhD in criminology from the University of Edinburgh. He is the author of a number of books and
    articles on issues concerning criminal justice and prisoners rights and has extensive international
    experience on prison matters, having visited prison systems in many countries as an expert consultant
    for bodies such as the United Nations and the Council of Europe.

    Sir Nigel Rodley, Preface
    Sir Nigel Rodley is Professor of Law at the University of Essex. He has recently stepped down from his
    position as United Nations Special Rapporteur for Torture. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the
    International Centre for Prison Studies. In 1999 he was awarded a knighthood in recognition of services
    to human rights and international law.

    Allison Campbell
    Ms. Campbell is a Master of Arts candidate in the Department of Sociology at Simon Fraser University,
    in the area of women’s corrections and state ruling practices. Her work examines the changing shape
    of corrections for federally sentenced women during the 1990s in Canada, looking at how institutional
    processes maintained and reinforced the relations of ruling, despite discourse to the contrary.

    Rodney Neufeld
    Mr. Neufeld is a research associate at the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law at the
    University of Cambridge where he works on diverse issues of public international law. He is a graduate
    of the University of Manitoba (B.A.) and the University of Ottawa (LL.B.).

    Notes on Contributors

    Elizabeth Alexander
    Ms. Alexander is the Director of the National Prison Project of the American Civil Liberties Union
    Foundation. A graduate of the Yale Law School, she has litigated many cases challenging health care
    in prisons and has argued three cases before the United States Supreme Court.

    Julie Berg
    Ms. Berg is a researcher, affiliated with the Institute of Criminology, University of Cape Town, who has
    been studying the origin and monitoring the development of prison privatization in South Africa.

    Alex Friedmann
    Mr. Friedmann is a former contributing writer for Prison Legal News, former resources editor for Prison
    Life magazine, two-time PEN prison writing award winner and member of the Public Safety & Justice
    Campaign – a coalition dedicated to the abolition of the private prison industry. He served 10 years
    behind bars, including six years at a private facility operated by Corrections Corporation of America.

    Amanda George
    Ms. George is a Victorian community lawyer who for 20 years has been a prison activist. She has
    received various awards for her work on women in prison including the Australian Avon Spirit of
    Achievement Award. She has written numerous articles on women in prison and in particular has been
    active against the privatization of prisons.

    Judith Greene
    Judith Greene, a criminal-justice-policy analyst, has researched prison privatization under fellowships
    from the Open Society Institute of the Soros Foundation and the Institute on Criminal Justice of the
    University of Minnesota Law School.

    Donna Habsha
    Ms. Habsha is a second year student at the University of Windsor, Faculty of  Law.  She maintains a
    commitment to the protection and promotion of  children's rights through research, writing and the
    facilitation of youth empowerment workshops.

    Mark Erik Hecht

    Kelly Hannah-Moffat
    Dr. Hannah-Moffat is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Toronto
    Mississauga. She worked as a researcher and policy advisor for the Commission of Inquiry into Certain
    Events at the Prison for Women in Kingston and is a past president of the Toronto Elizabeth Fry Society.
    Her book Punishment in Disguise: The Governance of Canadian Women's Federal Imprisonment has
    just been published by the University of Toronto Press.

    Kellie Leclerc Burton
    Ms. Leclerc Burton is completing her second year as a Doctoral Candidate at the Centre of Criminology,
    University of Toronto.  Her interests include critical race theory, with a specific focus on Canadian
    women in conflict with the law, the racialized subject in the criminal justice system and prisoners'
    rights.  

    Joshua Miller
    Mr. Miller is a corrections specialist with the American Federation of State, County and Municipal
    Employees' (AFSCME) Department of Research & Collective Bargaining Services. The union
    represents approximately 80,000 corrections employees in the United States.

    Bente Molenaar
    Ms. Molenaar is a graduate of Development Studies from the Universities of Carleton (B.A.) and
    Cambridge (M.Phil). She has worked on human rights issues in association with a number of NGOs.

    Dawn Moore
    Ms. Moore is completing her PhD at the Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto. She is currently
    studying the experiences of probationers and parolees in state mandated substance 'abuse' treatment
    programs. She has been active in attempts to resist the privatization of prisons in Ontario and has
    written critically (with Kelly Hannah-Moffat) on the overhaul of Ontario's correctional system. Other
    publications cover issues including date rape drugs, drug testing and alcohol intervention programs.

    Monique Morris
    Ms. Morris is a senior research associate with the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, where
    she has led several projects since 1998 designed to address racial and gender disparities in the
    juvenile justice system. Morris has written and spoken extensively on the plight of African American and
    urban youth, and is the author of the critically-acclaimed novel, Too Beautiful For Words (Amistad Press:
    2001). Morris received her Bachelor of Arts and Master of Science degrees from Columbia University in
    the City of New York.

    Stephen Nathan
    Mr. Nathan is a journalist and researcher and editor of Prison Privatisation Report International (www.
    psiru.org/justice). The writing of both articles was made possible through financial support from the
    Open Society Foundation.


    Christian Parenti
    Mr. Parenti has a Ph.D. in sociology from the London School of  Economics and is currently a Senior
    Fellow with the Open Society Institute. He is the author of Lockdown America: Police and Prisons in the
    Age of  Crisis, (Verso, 2000) and his articles appear in The Nation, The Progressive, the Washington
    Post, New York Newsday and the Baffler.



    Jeff Sinden
    Mr. Sinden is a Research Associate at Human Rights Internet and is Managing Editor of HRI's Human
    Rights Tribune. He is currently a Master's student in International Development at the Norman Paterson
    School of International Affairs.

    Frank Smith
    Mr. Smith has been a legislative advocate and community organizer in criminal justice reform and
    decriminalization of substance abuse for over three decades. In semi-retirement he remains an
    Alaskan court appointed Guardian ad litem, representing the best interests of children. He is heavily
    involved in disability advocacy and labor, peace and social justice activism.  In the past ten years he has
    helped a succession of communities in Alaska and other states to defeat private prison proposals.  He
    has visited prisoners and public and private penal institutions throughout the United States and
    Sweden.

    Katherine van Wormer
    Dr. van Wormer did a participant-observation study at the women's prison in Alabama and is a
    professor of social work at the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls. She is the author of six books
    including Women and the Criminal Justice System (with C. Bartollas) (2000) and Counseling Female
    Offenders and Victims: A Strengths-Restorative Approach (2001), as well as Addiction Treatment: A
    Strengths Perspective, in press.

    Phillip Wood
    Dr. Wood was educated in Canada and the UK and teaches Comparative and American Politics at
    Queen's University. His other research work includes projects on the transformation of American
    politics since the 1970s; the politics of political science research methods; structure, agency and
    disfranchisement in the Florida fiasco of November 2000; globalization, uneven development and the
    restructuring of southern textiles; and on the social structure of agriculture and racial politics in the
    American South before the Voting Rights Act.


    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Introduction /
    by Andrew Coyle, Rodney Neufeld  & Alison Campbell

    Chapter 1:  The Rise of the Prison Industrial Complex in the United States /
    by Phillip J. Wood

    Chapter 2:  Privatized Problems: For-Profit Incarceration in Trouble /
    by Christian Parenti

    Chapter 3:  The Problem of Prison Privatization: The US Experience /
    by Jeff Sinden

    Chapter 4:  Juvenile Crime Pays – But at What Cost? /
    by Alex Friedmann

    Chapter 5:  Lack of Correctional Services /
    by Judith Greene

    Chapter 6:  Private Prisons and Health Care: The HMO From Hell /
    by Elizabeth Alexander

    Chapter 7:  International Law and the Privatization of Juvenile Justice /
    by Mark Erik Hecht and Donna Habsha

    Chapter 8:  Prison Privatization: The Arrested Development of African Americans /
    by Monique W. Morris

    Chapter 9:  Prison Privatization and Women /
    by Katherine van Wormer

    Chapter 10:  Incarceration of Native Americans and Private Prisons /
    by Frank Smith

    Chapter 11:  The Use of Privatized Detention Centers for Asylum Seekers in
    Australia and the UK
    by Bente Molenaar and Rodney Neufeld

    Chapter 12:  Worker Rights in Private Prisons /
    by Joshua Miller

    Chapter 13:  Get Tough Efficiency: Human Rights, Correctional Restructuring and
    Prison Privatization in Ontario, Canada /
    by Dawn Moore, Kellie Leclerc Burton and Kelly Hannah-Moffat

    Chapter 14:  Prison Privatization in the United Kingdom /
    by Stephen Nathan

    Chapter 15:  Prison Privatization Developments in South Africa /
    by Julie Berg
       
    Chapter 16:  Private Prisons:  Emerging and Transformative Economies /
    by Stephen Nathan

    Chapter 17:  Women Prisoners as Customers: Counting the Costs of the Privately
    Managed Metropolitan
    Women’s Correctional Centre: Australia /
    by Amanda George

    Conclusion /
    By Andrew Coyle

    Bibliography

    Index
    Co-published with Zed Books,
    London and facilitated by H.R.I.
    (Human Rights Internet)
    Ottawa, Canada
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