The September 2010 election in Venezuela, which saw the governing United
Socialist Party (PSUV) lose its two-thirds majority, highlighted the gravity of the
challenges facing President Hugo Chavez's "Bolivarian Revolution".
According to Frederic Clairmont, the polls were a reflection of the continuing
clash of contending class forces: the Chavez-led movement for a "socialism
of the 21st century" and opponents seeking to entrench a neoliberal, market-
In this intense struggle, the forces ranged against the Venezuelan
government enjoy the backing of powerful external elements, not least of
which is the mighty United States establishment. However, as this book
reveals, the US itself is now mired in economic and military debacles which
are undermining its imperial drive.
It is this, along with the buildup of Venezuela's productive forces and the
undimmed revolutionary fervor for a more just and equitable society which is
giving hope to the people of Venezuela and inspiration to progressive people